Mount Elgon National Park is located on the Uganda-Kenya border. Mount Elgon is the 4th highest mountain in Eastern Africa, reaching 4321 metres. This extinct volcano is one of Uganda's oldest physical features, first erupting around 24 million years ago. The park covers an area of 1279 km² and is bisected by the border of Kenya and Uganda. The Ugandan part of the park covers 1110 km² while the Kenyan part covers 169 km². The mountain’s cool heights offer respite from the hot plains below, with the higher altitudes providing a refuge for an abundance of flora and fauna.
Mount Elgon National Park is home to over 300 species of birds, including the endangered Lammergeyer. Small antelopes, forest monkeys, elephants and buffalos also live on the mountainside. Additionally, over half of Uganda's butterfly species have been reported in Mt. Elgon.
Together with the fauna and flora, the park has a variety of scenery; this includes cliffs, caves, gorges, waterfalls, hot springs, mesas, calderas, and the mountain peaks. Notable attractions for visitors to the park are the four vast caves, which are frequented by night visitors such as elephants and buffaloes, who come to lick the natural salt found on the cave walls, also Kitum cave, with overhanging crystalline walls, enters 200m into the side of Mt. Elgon and the Endebess Bluff there a panoramic view of the areas' escarpments, mesas, gorges, and rivers.
Other tourist activities in the park include; game viewing, primate and bird watching, butterfly watching, hiking to the peaks, self-guided walking trails, and camping photography. There are also visits to the hot springs in the former volcano's crater which bubble at temperatures of up to 48 °C.
Registered safari tour operators can be arranged to maximise visitor experience when visiting the area, these local guides provide experienced drivers with years of experience.
In the area there is an abundance of accommodation, this ranges from campsites, lodges, guesthouses and hotels.
Admission fees Foreign non-residents: Adults: 35US$ Children: 5US$ Foreign residents: Adults: 25US$ Children: 5US$ Citizens of East African Member States: Adults: 10,000UGX Children: 2,500UGX